Tunisia, the current president of the UN Security Council, called Monday for a resolution sending international monitors to support Libya’s brittle ceasefire to be adopted as soon as possible.
“We hope that it will be adopted as soon as possible” because “there is a momentum, yet it’s a little bit fragile,” said Tunisian ambassador to the UN Tarek Ladeb, referring to the negotiations between Libyan parties and the UN mission there.
At the end of last year, UN chief Antonio Guterres proposed using international monitors in Libya amid hopes that foreign fighters will soon leave and the country can turn the page on a decade of war.
The warring sides reached a ceasefire on October 23 in Geneva under which all foreign forces are to leave within three months — that is, by January 23. The international observers would monitor their departure.
Guterres asked for a group that would include civilians and retired soldiers from regional groups such as the African Union, European Union and Arab League.
He called in particular for all nations to respect the UN arms embargo on Libya, which has been flagrantly violated.
In early December, UN envoy Stephanie Williams estimated that 20,000 foreign troops and mercenaries remained in the country in a “shocking violation of Libyan sovereignty.”
Under Guterres’ proposal, monitors would initially operate in a triangular section of Libya around Sirte.
The observers would expand to other parts of the country until they can be replaced by a unified Libyan national force.
Tunisia, a non-permanent member of the Security Council, assumed its rotating presidency in early January. Its work program does not at this stage include a meeting on Libya until the end of the month.